Overview of the History of India over a Timeline
Evidences of cultural history of India goes back to thousands of years ago, India was home to the Indus Valley civilization, one of the world’s oldest civilizations. In the 300s and 200s BC, the Maurya Empire ruled the land. It became one of the largest empires in the world. Years later, the Golden Age of India would take place during the Gupta dynasty. Lasting from 319 to 554 AD, the Gupta dynasty produced new developments in science, great art, and advanced culture.
With the rise of Islam in the Arab nations, it began to spread into India. During the 10th and 11th centuries the Turks and the Afghans invaded India and ruled as the Delhi Sultanate. Years later the Mughal Empire would rise to power and rule the land for over 300 years.
In the 16th century, European explorers began to enter India. Britain eventually took control of India. In the early 1900s India began to fight for independence from Britain. Led by Mohandas Gandhi, non-violent protests were made against the British. After many years of struggling, India was granted independence from Britain in 1947.
The country was later divided up into India and Pakistan. Later East Pakistan became a third country, Bangladesh. India and Pakistan have had strained relations over the years including both countries testing nuclear weapons.
India does have significant problems including poverty, corruption, and overpopulation. However, the country has recently seen strong economic and technology development.
History of India Before beginning of Common Era (BCE)
3000 – The Indus Valley civilization is established in Northern India and Pakistan.
2500 – Large cities such as Harappa and Mohenjo-daro develop.
1700 – The Iron Age begins in India.
1500 – The Aryan peoples arrive from Central Asia. The Indus Valley Civilization collapses. The Vedic period begins. The oldest sacred scriptures of Hinduism are written.
520 – Buddhism is founded by Siddharta Gautama.
326 – Alexander the Great arrives in Northern India.
322 – The Mauryan Empire is founded. (Important event in the History of India )
272 – Asoka the Great becomes emperor of Maurya. He expands the empire greatly.
265 – Asoka the Great converts to Buddhism. He implements many reforms in the government.
230 – The Satavahana Empire is established.
History of India after begining of Common Era (CE)
60 – The Kushan Empire gains control of Northern India. Southern India is controlled by the Satavahana Empire.
319 – The Gupta Empire takes control of much of India. The rule of the Gupta Empire is a time of peace and prosperity. Many advances are made in science and the arts during this time.
500 – The decimal numeral system is invented in India.
554 – The Gupta Empire begins to collapse.
712 – Islam arrives in Northern India with the Umayyad Caliphate.
1000 – The Ghaznavid Empire invades from the north.
1210 – The Delhi Sultanate is founded.
1221 – Genghis Khan leads the first invasion of the Mongols in India.
1398 – The Mongols, led by Timur, invade Northern India.
1498 – Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama arrives in India. He is the first European to reach India by sea. He establishes trade between Europe and India.
1527 – The Mughal Empire is established by Babur. (Important event in the History of India )
1556 – Akbar the Great becomes the Mughal Emperor. He will expand the empire to include much of the Indian Subcontinent. The arts and literature flourish during his reign.
1600- The British East India Company is granted a charter by Queen Elizabeth I to have exclusive rights to trade with India.
1653 – The Taj Mahal is completed in Agra. It is built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in honor of his of wife Mumtaz Mahal.
1757 – The East India Company defeats Bengal at the Battle of Plassey. (Important event in the History of India )
1772 – Warren Hastings is appointed the first Governor-General of Bengal.
1857 – The Indians rebel against the rule of the British East India Company.
1858 – The British Empire takes over the East India Company. The British Indian Empire is established.
1877 – Queen Victoria claims the title the Empress of India.
1885 – The Indian National Congress is formed in an effort to gain independence for India. (Important event in the History of India )
1911 – The capital city is moved from Calcutta to Delhi by the British government.
1920 – Mahatma Gandhi begins his campaign of non-violence against the British government. (Important event in the History of India )
1930 – Gandhi leads the Salt March against the British salt monopoly.
1942 – The Quit India Movement is launched by the Indian National Congress.
1947 – India becomes an independent nation. The Muslim state of Pakistan is established in the north. Jawaharlal Nehru becomes the first Prime Minister of India. (Important event in the History of India )
1948 – War breaks out between India and Pakistan over the border land of Kashmir.
1948 – Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated.
1950 – India becomes a republic.
1966 – Indira Gandhi, the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, is elected prime minister.
1971 – India goes to war with Pakistan over the creation of the country of Bangladesh from East Pakistan.
1974 – India detonates its first nuclear weapon. (Important event in the History of India )
1984 – Indira Gandhi is assassinated.
1972 – India signs the Simla Agreement with Pakistan.
1996 – The Hindu nationalist party, the BJP, becomes the major political party for first time against Congress.
2000 – The population of India passes one billion people.
2002 – Tensions mount between India and Pakistan over Kashmir.
2004 – A large Indian Ocean earthquake causes a tsunami wave that hits India killing over 10,000 people.
(Courtesy : ias.org.in)
This is How I caught the Pickpocket (Thief who steals Money Purses 💰 💵 from Pockets) red handedly amidst the busy streets of Fort Area near the Victoria Terminus, Mumbai, 5 months ago.
It was my also a first acquaintance with Police Station 👮 where I was treated well and they (Police) assisted me cordially.
It was ‘Dassehra’ 🍀 , one of the Important Festival of India and on that day I had as a daily routine gone to Study at J N Petit Institute 📖 , Fort (Mumbai). After studying 📚in the evening 🌄 I set to return to home 🏡and it was something 🕒 5:00 O’Clock. I as usual was going by roadside having a look at Shops 🏪 here and there with busy mind and at once thinking of next days planning of study and suddenly I happened to that unusual thing.
Yes I was shook with a small push and I realized it well despite of all the noise and gathering all around. The very next time someone having unusual move passed me and crossed the road to reach opposite side ⤴ of the road. I within no time struck with a small tremor in my mind and instantly I checked my Pocket of Back-pack (Sag) and I was shocked and realized that really I had lost my Money Purse which I usually kept it in Back-pack. Money purse had in it my all the important ID Cards and Bank’s Debit Cards. I quickly not wasting even a second hurriedly moved to the opposite side of the road and begun pursuit 🔎 of that suspected man. He moved fast, sometime disappeared but I adhered the pursuit. Meanwhile I came across a Beat Martial🚵 (Police Constable having a bike on patrolling) near VT Railway Station. I called that Cop 👮 and told the facts and taken him on his bike to the pursuit of Pickpocket.
Ultimately we succeeded in our mission and stopped ✊ the Pickpocket 👦 midway. At first he refused at all as if nothing was happened. But when my Money Purse found backside to that man, Police slapped 👊👋him and called on Police Van 🚓 to take him to the Police Station. I told the Police Constable to let pickpocket go his way but Police said that he might have been connected with other crimes happened earlier in in that area. So Police decided to him for further inquiry.
Fortunately one of my friend was PSI to that very Police Station. I called him and told the whole story. By the time Police Van 🚓 had come to our location and we moved to the Police Station of that area taking with us that Pickpocket. I met my PSI friend 👮 , his senior was also known to me as I had met him a couple of time earlier. Because of the very reason that I was preparing for some highly prestigious exam and one of my friend was PSI there, I was treated very well by the senior Police Officers otherwise the scenes are altogether different and strange at the Police Station. They took the Pickpocket in their custody and locked him behind the bars. FIR registered and inspection of the place of incident done.
Now it was ⌚ 10:00 O’Clock in the night 🌃. I missed many calls from my Home as they all were anxious about me that why hadn’t I reached the Home in time.
My ‘Dassehra Festival’ was already celebrated on the busy streets of Fort, Mumbai. My friend and some friendly cops wished me of ‘Dassehra’ and offered that very ‘revered Leaves’ 🍀.
I told in brief to my Home. And I set to home by Mumbai’s Local Trains 🚂. It was 11:30 PM 🕒. I did dinner actually at midnight and went to bed only to summarize all the adventures and thrills with new resolution that I would never keep the Money Purse 💵 👛 in the front pocket of the Back-pack.
One thing I realized that we should never take for granted the Police that they are Not Cooperative but actually they are. Police are like us, they are cooperative, they protect us but the need is that we should not have any prejudices in our mind.
– Avadhut Desai (on real incident)